The 059/3 is a turbocharged 1.6 litre V6 unit and will replace the outgoing 2.4 litre V8 engines which have been used in the sport since 2006, as F1 moves towards a more environmentally-friendly future. The presentation took place in Ferrari’s logistics pavilion and looked back at some of the Scuderia’s most important F1 machines.
“As a result of the 2014 regulations, we no longer talk of engines, but of power units,” explained Luca Marmorini, the Head of Engines and Electronics. “It’s a very complex project and we have been working on it for the past two years. It’s a 1600 cc turbocharged internal combustion engine and only 100 litres of fuel can be used in a race, which means that the more efficient an engine, the more power it can use.
“Along with the turbocharger, there will be an electric motor, which will also act as a generator, allowing for the recovery of energy from the exhaust gasses. As was already the case, a second electric motor will recover energy from braking, although it will be able to put out almost double the power of the one currently in use. All the energy generated by the electric motors will be stored in a much bigger and more powerful battery pack than the current one, but it will still be fitted below the fuel cell.”
He added: “The electronic control system will be even more sophisticated to coordinate and manage all these new electro-mechanical devices. A new regulation, a fascinating challenge, which places great emphasis on energy recovery and on the efficiency of the power unit.”
Shell will continue to provide specialist fuel and lubricants to Ferrari and have been involved with the project since the very beginning, working with Marmorini and his team. Over 50 versions of Shell V-Power fuel have been developed so far and the best are being evaluated on the engine test beds in Maranello ahead of their debut at the first 2014 winter test in Jerez.
“The FIA regulations concerning fuel and lubricants have remained unchanged, but the demands of the new powertrain are radically different compared to those of its predecessor, which has given us the freedom to explore new areas and to introduce innovations,” said Andrew Foulds, vice-president of Shell Fuels Technology. “The change of configuration is important for us, as is the limit to how much fuel can be used per race. Finding a fuel that offers power and efficiency is like finding the Holy Grail.”
“Furthermore, we have to deal with an increased life cycle for each unit. With only five power units available per driver over the course of the season, it’s a very complicated exercise to push on the performance front, while maintaining the reliability of which Ferrari and Shell are justly proud.”
Image courtesy of Ferrari