FIA outlines gearbox and power-unit penalties for 2014

The FIA has outlined the gearbox and engine penalty system for the 2014 season after publishing next year’s Sporting and Technical Regulations.FIA

Teams will have fewer engines and gearboxes available next season, but the penalty systems have changed quite considerably due to the new V6 Turbo power-unit.

Next year drivers will have to use a gearbox for six consecutive races, as opposed to five races this year. However, for 2014 only teams will not have to provide evidence of physical damage in order to change the gears and dog rings.

Article 28.6 d) of the regulations states: “For 2014 only, on five occasions per driver, a competitor need not provide evidence of physical damage in order to carry out these changes. Furthermore, the use of parts of identical specification will not be necessary when the changes are being made in accordance with Article 9.6.2 of the F1 Technical Regulations.”

2014 will be the first season for the new 1.6 litre V6 Turbo power-unit. The FIA has also clarified the usage of the engine along with the penalties applied if the regulations are broken.

Engines must last for five non-consecutive races, up from four this year, but due to the dramatic changes coming into force, the rules have become more complicated. Drivers will be able to swap individual elements of the engine from race to race, but if they are used more than five times the following penalties will be applied:

“a) Unless he drives for more than one team (see 28.4(d) below), each driver may use no more than five power units during a Championship season.

b) For the purposes of this Article 28.4 the power unit will be deemed to comprise six separate elements, the engine (ICE), the motor generator unit-kinetic (MGU-K), the motor generator unit-heat (MGU-H), the energy store (ES), turbocharger (TC) and control electronics (CE). Each driver will therefore be permitted to use five of each of the above six components during a Championship season and any combination of them may be fitted to a car at any one time.

c) Should a driver use more than five of any one of the elements a grid place penalty will be imposed upon him at the first event during which each additional element is used. Penalties will be applied according to the following table and will be cumulative:

  • Replacement of a complete power unit – The driver concerned must start the race from the pit lane.
  • The first time a 6th of any of the elements is used – Ten grid place penalty.
  • The first time a 6th of any of the remaining elements is used – Five grid place penalty.
  • The first time a 7th of any of the elements is used – Ten grid place penalty.
  • The first time a 7th of any of the remaining elements is used, and so on – Five grid place penalty.

A power unit or any of the six components will be deemed to have been used once the car’s timing transponder has shown that it has left the pit lane.”

Unlike the current regulations, from 2014 onwards grid penalties will be carried over to the next event. So if a driver has a ten-place grid penalty but only qualifies 18th, the remaining five will be served at the next race. However it only carries over once.

Drivers will be limited to just 100kg of fuel during a race. This has been added to article 29.5 of the regulations:

“No car is permitted to consume more than 100kg of fuel, from the time at which the signal to start the race is given to the time each car crosses the line after the end-of-race signal has been given. Other than in cases of force majeure (accepted as such by the stewards of the meeting), any driver exceeding this limit will be excluded from the race results.”

Image courtesy of the FIA

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